Glaucoma Surgery

If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with glaucoma, you may be wondering what treatment options are available. One option provided by an ophthalmologist is surgery, which can help improve vision and prevent further damage to the eye. We hope that this information will be helpful as you consider your treatment options at San Antonio Eye & Face Institute in Alamo Heights and San Antonio, TX.

glaucoma-surgery

What Is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a condition that affects the optic nerve, which is responsible for transmitting visual information from the eye to the brain. The optic nerve is damaged in people with glaucoma, leading to vision loss and even blindness.

How Is Glaucoma Diagnosed?

The only way to know for sure if you have glaucoma is to have a comprehensive eye exam. This exam will include the following tests:

Tonometry

Tonometry is a test that measures the pressure inside the eye. Tonometry is done by using a device called a tonometer, which gently touches the surface of the eye. This diagnosis is essential because high pressure inside the eye indicates glaucoma.

Pachymetry

Pachymetry is a test that measures the thickness of the cornea. The cornea is the outermost layer of the eye and is crucial because it helps to protect the eye from harmful UV radiation. The thickness of the cornea can be a sign of glaucoma.

Visual Field Test

The visual field test is a test that measures the extent of your peripheral vision. This diagnosis is important because the loss of peripheral vision is a sign of glaucoma.

Gonioscopy

Gonioscopy is a test that allows your doctor to see the eye's drainage angle. The drainage angle is important because it is where the aqueous humor exits the eye. Blockage at this angle can lead to high pressure in the eye and glaucoma.

Types of Glaucoma Surgery

Professionals in ophthalmology strictly perform most optic nerve surgeries. Some of them include:

1. Selective Laser Trabeculectomy (SLT)

SLT is a procedure that uses a laser to create a new drainage pathway for the aqueous humor. This surgery is ideal for people with mild to moderate glaucoma.

2. Canaloplasty and Trabeculectomy

Canaloplasty and trabeculectomy are surgeries that involve the creation of a new drainage pathway for the aqueous humor. These surgeries are effective for people with moderate to severe glaucoma.

3. Stent Implantation

A stent implantation is a procedure that involves the placement of a tiny metal stent in the drainage angle of the eye. This stent helps keep the drainage angle open and prevents the build-up of pressure in the eye. This surgery is generally reserved for people who have failed previous glaucoma surgeries.

4. Tube Shunts

Tube shunts are tiny tubes inserted into the eye to help drain the aqueous humor. This surgery is ideal for people with severe glaucoma.

Schedule an Appointment with Us for Your Glaucoma Treatment

If you have been diagnosed with glaucoma, we encourage you to schedule an appointment with us at San Antonio Eye & Face Institute in Alamo Heights and San Antonio, TX. Our ophthalmologists are experts in diagnosing and treating glaucoma, and we can help you find the best treatment option for you.

 

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